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Efficacy of a Telemedicine Training Program for Physician Assistant Students

Pydah, Sunayana (2021) Efficacy of a Telemedicine Training Program for Physician Assistant Students. [Doctoral Capstone Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate the outcomes of a four-hour telemedicine program during PA students’ clinical training at Radford University Carilion (RUC). The four research questions were based on whether a telemedicine training program changes a PA students’ ability to define telemedicine, changes the PA students’ perception of their ability to conduct a virtual healthcare visit, changes the PA students’ perception of self-efficacy utilizing telemedicine in their future practice, and changes the PA students’ perception of telemedicine’s impact on quality of care. The content material of the training program was delivered virtually to 41 clinical year PA students. Methodology: A logic model was utilized to identify inputs, outputs, and outcomes associated with a telemedicine program. Through the utilization focused-approach, pre- and post-test surveys were developed to measure the curriculum’s effectiveness based on the student’s interests. The pre- and post-test surveys were based on validated survey tools from three studies. A combined pre- and post-test evaluation tool was formulated to measure the effectiveness of the telemedicine program. Through the combined evaluation tool, students had the opportunity to evaluate themselves on various aspects of clinical skills associated with providing care via telemedicine. Four subscales were identified to answer each research question proposed. Results: Overall, reliability was seen in majority of subscales based on Cronbach alpha scores. Once the assumptions of sphericity were confirmed, 4x2 repeated measures ANOVA tests were performed on two sets of data. These data sets included data that were automatically matched based on IP address (N=18) and data that were manually matched based on demographic data (N=26). There was a statistically significant difference in the means between the delivery of the telemedicine program and the time, whether before or after, the survey was taken in both datasets for all subscales (df = 1, F = 46.211, p < 0.001; df = 1, F = 82.620, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The results of this study indicated that incorporating a telemedicine training program in PA student’s curriculum does have impact on PA students’ ability to define telemedicine, perception of performing a virtual telehealth visit, perception of utilizing telemedicine in future practice, and quality of care delivered during a telemedicine visit. Keywords: telemedicine, telehealth, self-efficacy, and PA students

Item Type: Doctoral Capstone Project
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Radford University > Waldron College of Health and Human Services > Health Sciences Program
Depositing User: Sunayana Pydah
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2021 01:39
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2022 16:40
URI: http://wagner.radford.edu/id/eprint/739

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