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EXTRAVERSION AND RESILIENCE AS PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR PTSD SYMPTOM SEVERITY IN THE MILITARY

Joyner, Jordan R. and Leake, Valerie and Riding-Malon, Ruth and Caughron, Jay (2019) EXTRAVERSION AND RESILIENCE AS PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR PTSD SYMPTOM SEVERITY IN THE MILITARY. [Dissertation]

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Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains a concern for military personnel, as the number of service members with PTSD continues to rise. The present study examined Resilience and Extraversion as personal characteristics and their impact on psychological distress in military personnel, based upon the conservation of resources (COR) theory. COR postulates individuals are inclined to preserve, protect, and procure resources (i.e., anything a person values). Personal resources are characteristics unique to the individual and are likely to bolster an individual’s resource base, thus improving one’s ability to cope with the psychological and physiological demands of a traumatic event. Participants consisted of 141 U.S. military personnel and were recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk. Participants completed the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for the DSM-5, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and Big Five Inventory to assess degrees of PTSD symptom severity, Resilience, and Extraversion, respectively. A significant negative relationship was found between Resilience and PTSD symptom severity, and a significant positive relationship was found between Resilience and Extraversion. Extraversion was not found to mediate the relationship between Resilience and PTSD symptoms. Gender differences for each variable were also examined, with no significant Gender differences being found for Extraversion or Resilience scores. There was a significant relationship between ender and PTSD symptom severity, with women, on average, reporting higher levels of PTSD symptom severity. It is clear that the personal characteristic resource of Resilience could improve one’s ability to overcome the impacts of a traumatic event and Gender is related to PTSD symptom severity.

Item Type: Dissertation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Jordan R. Joyner
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 20:14
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 20:14
URI: http://wagner.radford.edu/id/eprint/555

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