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PERCEPTIONS OF WORKPLACE BEHAVIORS IN THE WORKFORCE: THE INFLUENCE OF AGE AND GENDER STEREOTYPES

Vizy, Boglarka (2015) PERCEPTIONS OF WORKPLACE BEHAVIORS IN THE WORKFORCE: THE INFLUENCE OF AGE AND GENDER STEREOTYPES. Masters thesis, Radford University.

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Abstract

Previous research has shown that gender stereotyping occurs in the workforce. Findings on gender stereotypes clearly paint a picture of a male-dominated workforce, with common stereotypes focusing on male strength and assertiveness, while women are portrayed as more nurturing and less capable. Stereotyping based on age can also be detrimental to employees in the workforce; their chances of excelling are limited. Many individuals may be denied a job based on the idea that older workers are less flexible, or that hiring older workers is not beneficial due to competence. The goal of this research study was to examine age and gender stereotypes in the workplace and how it affects student ratings of target employees based on performance evaluation, competence, reward recommendation, and punishment severity. Using a survey method, 245 undergraduate students participated and were randomly assigned to rate two workplace scenarios based on both organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB; behaviors that go above and beyond organizational expectations) and counterproductive work behaviors (CWB, deviant behaviors that go against organizational expectations). Data analysis revealed a significant main effect for performance evaluation and a significant two-way age by gender interaction for reward recommendation when performing an OCB. Specifically, for both measures, participants rated older females significantly lower than younger females. Additionally, for reward recommendation, participants rated older females significantly lower than older males. Implications for organizations to implement action of a discrimination-free employee selection and review process are discussed.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Boglarka Vizy
Date Deposited: 06 May 2016 15:09
Last Modified: 06 May 2016 15:09
URI: http://wagner.radford.edu/id/eprint/212

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