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Use of the Leisure Satisfaction Measure with Community-Dwelling Urban Older Adults

Bearfield, Kathleen J. (2020) Use of the Leisure Satisfaction Measure with Community-Dwelling Urban Older Adults. [Dissertation]

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Abstract

The primary purpose of this research was to determine if community-dwelling older adult residents of two inner-city neighborhoods perceive that their general needs are being met through leisure activities. Additionally, survey subscales of psychological, education, social, relaxation, physiological, and aesthetics were investigated to determine if there were demographical differences. Method: This study was formatted in a quasi-experimental, cross-sectional design. A survey with 24 positive statements regarding leisure activity perceptions was distributed at two inner-city senior centers. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t - tests, and ANOVA, using the IBM SPSS Statistics Version 24. Results: Older adults rated their perception of leisure activities by reporting that their general needs were met via leisure activities using the Leisure Satisfaction Measure Survey. There was not a significant difference between the demographics of the two inner-city populations (>.05). Descriptively, the subscores of psychological, relaxation, and physiological were all rated at least 4.01, often true (1–5 scale with 5 being the high end as “almost always true”), and the social subscore was 3.98 (somewhat true). There was a significant difference found in the psychological subscore between centers (p = .059) and mobile/or not (p = .036). There was also a significant difference between relaxation subscores. Women rated their perceptions of experiencing relaxation from leisure activities lower than men (p = .037). Conclusion: Older adults reported that their perceptions of their leisure activities largely met their general needs. To continue to improve positive perceptions, service and health care providers may need to customize programs, expand activity selections, and develop public education campaigns that meet the needs of their community. This research indicated that leisure activity programming should target psychological issues in general as well as psychological issues related to mobility. Women’s perceptions, as they scored lower than men, regarding leisure and relaxation should also be addressed. Keywords: older adults, Leisure Satisfaction Measure survey, perceptions of wellness

Item Type: Dissertation
Uncontrolled Keywords: Older adults, Leisure Satisfaction Measure survey, perceptions of wellness
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Kathleen Bearfield
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2020 14:37
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2020 14:37
URI: http://wagner.radford.edu/id/eprint/603

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